This project involves capacity building through training, research, partnerships and community outreach. There will be minimal low-risk civil works such as minor rehabilitation or refurbishment works of lecture rooms and research laboratories to provide space for postgraduate students. Small scale rearing and processing of commonly available edible insects for learning, training and research will also be undertaken.
- Prof. Adrian Wekulo Mukhebi, Ph.D., M.Sc. & B.Sc. Agricultural Economics; Director;
- Prof. Monica Ayieko, Ph.D., M.Sc. B.Sc. and Diploma; Principal Investigator (PI)/Deputy Director
TRAINING: The Center offers market and society-driven academic programmes in Food Security and Sustainable Development aimed at churning out innovative; practical oriented and job creating graduates at post graduate levels.
RESEARCH: The Center is focused on creating a conducive environment for undertaking quality, relevant and innovative research on edible insects geared towards food security challenge.
OUTREACH SERVICES: The Center identifies with the Community and participates in activities geared towards delivering solutions to their food security needs.
CONSULTANCY SERVICES: The Center embraces consultancy services as a core function for revenue generation towards it financial sustainability.
P.O. Box 210-40601
A premier center in teaching, research and innovation in insects as food and feed technology
To implement quality training that produces highly trained and skilled manpower and commercially viable products in insects as food and feed through partnerships with public and private sectors regionally and internationally.
- Transparent and Accountable in all operations.
- Professionalism and Ethical Codes in dealings with all stakeholders.
- Integrity, Honesty and Quality in all activities.
- Gender Equity, Impartiality, Fairness and Non-discriminatory practices in all dealings.
- Participatory Management and Transformational Leadership with Teamwork in all operations.
- Dignity of all staff with Meritocracy for recognition and award.
- Sustainability of operations in the medium and long term.
Relevant Policy, Legal, Regulatory and Institutional Framework
Primary environmental legislation includes Environmental Management and Coordination Act 1999 (EMCA) and Environmental Impact Assessment and Audit Regulations of 2003 (EIAAR). EMCA was the first legislation to formally define EIA within the Kenyan context, as well as to establish procedures and supporting institutions for EIA. This was followed by the Environmental Impact Assessment and Audit Regulations of 2003 (EIAAR). Together, these two legislations form the basis of EIA in Kenya. Subsidiary legislation has been enacted to support EMCA, and includes the following: Environmental Management and Coordination (Noise and
Excessive Vibration Pollution) Control Regulations of 2009; Environmental Management and Coordination (Wetlands, Riverbanks, Lake Shores, and Sea Shore Management) Regulations of 2009; Environmental Management and Coordination (Air Quality Standards) Regulations of 2007; Environmental Management and Coordination (Controlled Substances) Regulations of 2007; Environmental Management and Coordination (Waste Management) Regulations of 2006; Environmental Management and Coordination (Water Quality) Regulations of 2006.
In addition, NEMA, the principal instrument of Government for the implementation of environmental management in Kenya, prepared guidelines and administrative procedures for the following: EIA; Environmental Audit and Monitoring; Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA); EIA in the transboundary context; EIA in the context of international and regional treaties, conventions and agreements; and guidance to development of sectoral EIA guidelines. Between 2006 and 2009, subsidiary legislation to EMCA has been enacted to support EIA and environmental audit and monitoring. Article 69 (f) of the Constitution of Kenya 2010, by stating ‘[T]he State shall establish systems of environmental impact assessment, environmental audit and monitoring of the environment’, encourages the continued establishment of systems to further support EIA and environmental audit and monitoring.
There are over 20 institutions and departments which deal with environmental issues in Kenya. Some of the key institutions include the National Environmental Council (NEC), National Environment Management Authority (NEMA), the Forestry Department, and the Kenya Wildlife Services (KWS) among others. There are also local and international NGOs involved in environmental issues in the country. The object and purpose for which NEMA was established is to exercise general supervision and co-ordinate over all matters relating to the environment and to be the principle instrument of the government in the implementation of all policies relating to the environment. JOOUST has an Environmental Management Committee that ensures the implementation of JOOUST’s Environmental Policy.
Environmental effects of a project may be direct and/or indirect. This project will include minor construction works related to renovations or minimal civil works of teaching and learning rooms as well as laboratories. To allow the flexibility to accommodate or to address environmental hazards as they may be encountered, the EMP is prepared according to WB OP 4.01, which provides guidelines, and the grant receiver’s country (Kenya) legal and regulatory framework. The document outlines the foreseen environmental impacts and provides good operational practice to control emissions (e.g. dust, and noise), wastewater discharge and solid waste management on the rehabilitation and minor construction sites. It provides guidance on avoiding the use of hazardous substances, such as toxic paints, solvents or cleaning agents and includes traffic safety (especially focusing on pedestrian safety) in the immediate vicinity of the sites, as necessary.
In order to implement the management plan, the Centre Director will be the overall supervisor and will oversee environmental and management aspects including but not limited to pollution control, management of sanitation, health and safety and hygiene measures throughout the project area. The supervisor will also be expected to co-ordinate and monitor environmental management during construction and provide monitoring schedules during operations. Other recommended participants could include the respective Environmental Officers and the Physical Planning Officers and project members and partners. The key management tasks of the Centre are to:
- Oversee the implementation of this environmental management plan to ensure that any
environmental and social impact is mitigated;
- Follow appropriate laid down protocols for disposing off used chemicals from
- Manage project activities and prepare annual work plans based on the implementation
- Coordinate and provide assistance to partner institutions implementing project
Environmental Screening, Assessment and Management
Potential negative impacts pertain to the rehabilitation and minor extension - hence preconstruction, construction and post-construction/ phases. Site specific minor negative impacts could also pertain to small scale rearing of insects and processing of food products from insects
for learning, training, research and community outreach.
Potential negative environmental impacts relate to the following:
- Soil Erosion and sedimentation prevention.
- Air quality/foul smell
- Solid waste generation
- Liquid waste generation
- Health and safety issues
- Used chemicals from the research laboratories
The impacts such as air quality, noise, water quality and waste management will require mitigation.
The EMP identifies feasible and cost-effective measures that may reduce potentially significant adverse environmental impacts to acceptable levels. The plan includes compensatory measures if mitigation measures are not feasible, cost-effective, or sufficient.
The EMP is developed below to:
- Identify and summarize all anticipated significant adverse environmental;
- describe with technical details each mitigation measure, including the type of impact to
which it relates and the conditions under which it is required (e.g., continuously or in the event of
contingencies), together with designs, equipment descriptions, and operating procedures, as
- Estimates any potential environmental impacts of these measures; and
- Provides linkage with any other mitigation plans required for the project.
The monitoring section of the EMP provides:
- Specific description, and technical details, of monitoring measures, including the parameters to be measured, methods to be used, sampling locations, frequency of measurements, detection limits (where appropriate), and definition of thresholds that will signal the need for corrective actions; and
- Monitoring and reporting procedures to
(i) ensure early detection of conditions that necessitate particular mitigation measures, and
(ii) furnish information on the progress and results of mitigation.
key monitoring criteria have to be checked during and after works for compliance assurance.
Such parameters and criteria include:
- dust generation and prevention,
- amount of water used and discharged by site,
- presence of proper sanitary facilities for workers,
- waste collection of separate types (mineral waste, wood, metals, plastic, hazardous waste, e.g. spent engine oil), waste quantities, proper organization of disposal pathways and facilities, or reuse and recycling wherever possible.
To assure a degree of leverage on the Contractor’s environmental performance an appropriateclause will be introduced in the works contracts, specifying penalties in case of noncompliance with the contractual environmental provisions, e.g. in the form of withholding a certain proportion of the payments, its size depending on the severity of the breach of contract.
For monitoring of insect rearing and processing safeguards there will be health and safety training for all staff. The key monitoring criteria have to be continually checked for compliance assurance. Such parameters are similar to the above but include chemicals from laboratories as a waste.
To support timely and effective implementation of environmental project components and mitigation measures, the EMP draws on the EA's assessment of the existence, role, and capability of environmental units on site or at the agency and ministry level. Specifically, the EMP provides a specific description of institutional arrangements - who is responsible for carrying out the mitigatory and monitoring measures (e.g., for operation, supervision, enforcement, monitoring of implementation, remedial action, financing, reporting, and staff training).
It is expected that the plan be specific in its description of the individual mitigation and monitoring measures and its assignment of institutional responsibilities, and it must be integrated into the project's overall planning, design, budget, and implementation. Such integration is achieved by establishing the EMP within the project so that the plan will receive funding and supervision along with the other components.
For all three aspects (mitigation, monitoring, and capacity development), the EMP provides:
(a) an implementation schedule for measures that must be carried out as part of the project, showing phasing and coordination with overall project implementation plans; and
(b) the capital and recurrent cost estimates and sources of funds for implementing the EMP are also to be integrated into the total project cost.